本文是留学生assignment范例，题目是“Aspects of Business Environment and How They Impact Business Functions（企业环境的各个方面以及它们如何影响业务功能）”，企业环境是指企业存在和经营的环境。这种环境包括所有那些影响组织功能和成长的因素。本报告讨论了商业环境的各个方面，以及它们如何影响各种类型的组织，如公共组织、私人组织和志愿组织的功能。在私人组织的背景下，报告讨论了宝马的微观和宏观环境的各个方面，以及伦敦交通和国家信托分别与私人组织和志愿组织的关系。
Business environment refers to surroundings of a business in which business exist and operate. This environment includes all those factors that affect functioning and growth of organisation. This report discusses various aspects of business environment and how they impact functioning of various type of organisation like public organisation, private organisation and voluntary organisation. In context with private organisation report discuss various aspects of BMW's micro and macro environment and those of Transport for London and Nation Trust in respectively in relation with private organisation and voluntary organisation.
Report discusses purpose of these organisations' existence and their size and how different organisational functions interrelate with each other and their impact on organisation structure along with internal analysis of organisation and their impact on external environment.
Organisations that are established and run by private people who are owners of the business and all the major decision related to the business are taken by owners of the organisation. Purpose of this organisation in to increase their profitability and gain maximum return on their monetary and non-monetary investments. This report discuss various aspects of BMW, German multinational automotive company as a private organisation.
Legal structure which is also know as ownership structure legal structure of BMW is corporations (Elijayar and et.al., 2017). Presently 50 percent stocks of the company are held by its owners Stefan Quandt and Susanne Klatten and 50 percent stocks of the company are public float which are available to public.）
Organisations that are owned and operated by government and provide services to public. These organisations do not seek to earn and raise profit and funding of this type of organisations is raised through fees and taxes. This report includes Transport of London as an public organisation. TfL is a local government body which is responsible for transport in London, England. This organisation's is a statutory organisation and legal status of the company is that it is an executive agency within GLA, which refers to Greater London Authority.
TfL is headed by Mayor of London and Commissioner of Transport for London this is not operated with profit motive and most of its budget is allocated from fares.
3.Transport for London 伦敦交通
With a budget of more than 11 billion pounds TfL is local government body of London that look after transport in Greater London. TfL employs around 28000 employees. Functions of TfL are to manage various road routes and rail networks that are London Underground, London Overground, Docklands Light Railway and TfL Rail. However national rail is not covered in scope of TfL.
But trams, buses, taxis, cycling provision and river services are included in scope of TfL. Scope of TfL also includes for commissioning the construction of the new Crossrailline jointly with national department for transport and franchising of its operation after it is completed.
National Trust completely known as national trust for places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty (Brudney, Prentice and Harris, 2018). Mainly scope of National Trust includes working for the purpose for which this organisation have been established that is preservational of historic places and those of natural beauty. But specifically scope of organisation works on prevention of selling of inalienable land. National Trust owns 500 heritage property of 610,000 acres.
国家信托完全被称为历史名胜或自然美景的国家信托(Brudney, Prentice和Harris, 2018)。国家信托的主要范围包括为这个组织成立的目的而工作，即保护历史地点和那些自然美景。但组织的具体范围是防止出售不可转让的土地。国民信托拥有61万英亩的500处遗产。
This organisation is funded by membership subscription, entrance subscription and revenue from gift shop and restaurants within its properties.
5.Link with organisational objectives and Structure与组织目标和结构相联系
Organisational objectives and their fulfillment is an important purpose that insist organisation to perform all these functions. Organisational objectives become basis for performance of these functions and effectiveness of functions and interrelation brings completion of organisational objectives.
Structure of BMW is closely related with its functions as structure of BMW is network oriented and all the functions are divided on the basis of functions that are performed by the company. All departments are independent but connect to each other interchangeably. Business of the organisation maintains independent division and production specialization is key initiative of organisation.
international businesses have to consider economic condition of all the countries where they are willing to operate. BMW is a premium vehicle company making its products luxury and comparatively expensive than other companies' vehicles. Those countries whose economic condition are positive like developed countries and spending pattern of people are favourable then BMW have good scope in that country for profit in that country.
On the basis of this report it can be concluded that different type of organisation have different purposes that members or owners of the organisation seeks to fulfil. Where private organisations are working to earn and increase profit, only motive and purpose of voluntary organisation is to address issues of the society and when it comes to public organisation they seek to cater interest of the society.
Functions that organisations undertake also differs on the basis of their nature and this report included functions undertaken by BMW and their relation with other functions. Analysis of macro environment and interrelation with internal and external environment have also been performed in this report.