Reflective Essay on Teaching 反思性教学作业

发布时间:2022-04-01 13:58:07 论文编辑:cinq888

Reflective Essay范文-反思性教学作业。本文是一篇留学生Reflective Essay写作范文,主要内容是讲述和作者的大多数同龄人一样,加入教师行业时也有一些先入为主的想法,在一定程度上是基于对老师的观察,包括好的和坏的,部分是基于作者对完美世界的看法。是一篇典型的Reflective Essay写作格式,供参考。

Reflective Essay范文

Like most of my peers, I joined the teaching profession with some preconceived notions, to a certain extent based on observations of my teachers, both good and bad, and partly on my opinion of how things should be like in a perfect world.

Personal Philosophy 人生哲理
Every child having a sense of belonging 每个孩子都有归属感

As a child, I have good memories of my experience and education in primary school. I studies at an all-girls school where corporal punishment was still used to punish disobedient pupils. I remember that my language teacher who was also the discipline teacher was very strict, but I also remember that I respected her to a great deal and so do most of my peers. I felt that in a way this had formed my initial notion about teaching where teachers are respected and should maintain a level of control in the classroom. However, I am glad that we have progressed from corporal punishment as a way to maintain order in our classrooms. There are many other ways in which the teachers can gain their students’ respect and keep their classrooms orderly. I believe that it is important for me to show genuine care for my pupils through the way I teach and in the time I devote to my pupils. I believe this kind of caring nature is bound to positively affect the pupils. I believe it is also important for me to create a positive atmosphere where pupils are encouraged to discuss questions. Pupils should not be afraid of making mistakes as they are treated as opportunities to explore misconceptions and not reflection of their abilities. School being their second home, it is important that my classroom is a place where it is safe for them to make mistakes, a place where differences are tolerated and compromised on.
作为一个孩子,我对自己在小学的经历和教育有着美好的回忆。我在一所女子学校学习,那里仍然用体罚来惩罚不听话的学生。我记得我的语言老师也是纪律老师,非常严格,但我也记得我非常尊重她,我的大多数同龄人也是如此。我觉得在某种程度上,这形成了我最初的教学理念,即教师受到尊重,应该在课堂上保持一定程度的控制。然而,我很高兴我们已经从体罚发展到维持课堂秩序的方式。教师可以通过许多其他方式获得学生的尊重,保持课堂秩序。我相信,对我来说,通过我的教学方式,在我奉献给学生的时间里,真诚地关心我的学生是很重要的。我相信这种关爱的天性一定会对学生产生积极的影响。我相信对我来说,创造一种鼓励学生讨论问题的积极氛围也很重要。学生不应该害怕犯错误,因为他们被视为探索错误观念的机会,而不是对自己能力的反映。学校是他们的第二个家,重要的是,我的教室是一个他们犯错误是安全的地方,一个容忍和妥协差异的地方。       
Common sense and research tell us that students are more likely to cooperate with teachers whom they see as caring, trustworthy, and respectful (Weinstein, 2006 as cited in Weinstein, Romano, & Mignano, 2011). It is important to develop a supportive and respectful relationship with pupils not only to gain cooperation but also for them to be seriously engaged in learning, to share their thoughts and feelings, to take risks and to develop a sense of social responsibility. Thus, I need organise my classroom in such a way that my pupils will feel safe and cared for emotionally, intellectually and physically. I remembered conducting the ‘Heart-to-heart’ session with my pupils during my contract teaching and I find this very useful in getting to know the pupils better. Also, pupils were tasked to write at least one journal entry every week on something special. These activities has helped me to know my pupils better and are a great stepping stone to improve the teacher-student relationship. Thus, I hope to continue to implement them in my class in the future.
常识和研究告诉我们,学生更有可能与他们认为有爱心、值得信赖和尊重的老师合作。重要的是与学生建立支持和尊重的关系,这不仅是为了获得合作,也是为了让他们认真参与学习,分享他们的想法和感受,承担风险,培养社会责任感。因此,我需要以这样一种方式组织我的课堂,让我的学生在情感、智力和身体上感到安全和被照顾。我记得在合同教学期间与我的学生进行了“心连心”课程,我发现这对更好地了解学生非常有用。此外,学生们被要求每周至少写一篇关于特殊事物的日记。这些活动帮助我更好地了解我的学生,是改善师生关系的一块巨大的垫脚石。因此,我希望将来能在我的课堂上继续实施。
Focus on Students’ Strengths 关注学生的优势
What really triggers me to join the teaching profession was the weekly tuition session I volunteered for during my university days and continued to this day. Working for a non-profit community organisation gave me the best experience in social interaction and interpersonal skills that I would have not learnt of. I hoped my experiences and encouragement would help them find a clearer path to their interests in life and work, but I found that I learned so much from them about bravery, tolerance and ambition to succeed. It is really heart-warming to know that the boys are grateful for the help and support of volunteers and love to engage in learning and games. This gave me a completely new view of life, communities and education. There’s no doubt that I found great satisfaction in sharing and encouraging the boys but I was surprised by how enlightening and fulfilling the whole experience was. Thus, I believe that it is important for me to develop their full potential by guiding them in their route of discovery. As children are our future, it is crucial for me to allow them to express their opinions and nurture their own ideas. These reasons confirmed my decision that teaching was what I want to do in life.
真正促使我加入教师职业的是我在大学期间自愿参加的每周辅导课程,并一直持续到今天。在一家非营利性社区组织工作给了我最好的社交经验和人际交往技巧,这是我从未学过的。我希望我的经历和鼓励能帮助他们找到一条更清晰的人生和工作道路,但我发现我从他们身上学到了很多勇敢、宽容和成功的雄心。得知男孩们感谢志愿者的帮助和支持,热爱学习和游戏,真是让人心旷神怡。这让我对生活、社区和教育有了全新的看法。毫无疑问,我在分享和鼓励孩子们的过程中获得了极大的满足感,但我对整个经历的启发和满足感感到惊讶。因此,我相信对我来说,通过引导他们的发现路线来充分发挥他们的潜力是很重要的。孩子是我们的未来,让他们表达自己的观点和培养自己的想法对我来说至关重要。这些原因证实了我的决定:教书是我生活中想要做的事情。
At times, we need to tap into the life experiences of our pupils to discover what they can do beyond their academic achievements. As a teacher, I used to focus on what my pupils do not know or cannot do, and try to fix the problems. However, after going through the teaching experience and courses in NIE, I learned that responsible teaching also involves searching for strengths. This is important to develop the confidence and self-competency of my pupils (Lim, Thaver, & Slee, 2008). I will need to create opportunities for pupils to succeed while challenging them. I was told that we need to scaffold for pupils to understand the concept better but little did I know that these small successes will also lead to increased pupils’ confidence.
有时,我们需要挖掘学生的生活经历,以发现他们在学业成就之外还能做些什么。作为一名教师,我曾经专注于我的学生不知道或不能做的事情,并试图解决问题。然而,在经历了NIE的教学经验和课程后,我了解到,负责任的教学也包括寻找优势。这对培养我的学生的自信和自我能力很重要(Lim、Thaver和Slee,2008)。我需要在挑战学生的同时为他们创造成功的机会。有人告诉我,我们需要为学生搭建脚手架,以便更好地理解这个概念,但我几乎不知道这些小小的成功也会提高学生的信心。
Engaged and Active Learning 积极主动的学习
During my contract teaching stint, I learnt that each and every individual student in the class had a different background and there is a great diversity in there. Each student had their unique learning style and abilities. Their family backgrounds ranged from lower to the top tier of society. I learnt that different stakeholders, i.e. parents, school, child and teacher, all play a part in nurturing students. The socio-economic class of students affected their abilities and academic success, and different family structures gave different levels of support. All these differences made me understand that when conducting lessons, I cannot expect all students to have the same experiences. Learning is superficial unless the pupils are actively engaged. Therefore, I will need to use different teaching strategies in my class such as questioning, collaborative learning, hands-on activities and experiential learning events that will encourage active and constructive learning.
在我的合同教学期间,我了解到班上的每个学生都有不同的背景,而且有很大的多样性。每个学生都有自己独特的学习风格和能力。他们的家庭背景从社会底层到上层不等。我了解到,不同的利益相关者,即家长、学校、孩子和老师,都在培养学生方面发挥了作用。学生的社会经济阶层影响他们的能力和学业成功,不同的家庭结构给予不同程度的支持。所有这些差异让我明白,在授课时,我不能期望所有学生都有相同的经历。除非学生积极参与,否则学习是肤浅的。因此,我需要在课堂上使用不同的教学策略,如提问、协作学习、动手活动和体验式学习活动,以鼓励积极和建设性的学习。
However, conducting a class that actively engages the pupils require a lot of planning. Therefore, I need to ensure that I am well prepared by not only knowing the content knowledge but also the teaching objectives and strategies. The activities planned will also need to match the concepts, skills and goals of the lesson. When pupils are actively engaged, they focus on what is being taught and better process new information (Lorain, 2010). As pointed out by Tom Good and Jere Brophy (2008), when students must wait with nothing to do, there is a higher probability to result in undesirable behavior and a loss of valuable learning opportunities (Weinstein, Romano, & Mignano, 2011). Through the various courses in NIE, I have learned how to better prepare myself for lesson and designing activities that are able to develop pupils’ relational understanding. This course also discusses various cooperative learning strategies such as think-pair-share, round table, and jigsaw which I could apply in my classroom to promote active learning. Also, to ensure that the group activities are carried out successfully, I need to ensure that there are certain classroom rules and routines to keep the classroom running smoothly.
然而,举办一个让学生积极参与的课程需要很多计划。因此,我需要确保我做好充分准备,不仅要了解内容知识,还要了解教学目标和策略。计划的活动还需要与课程的概念、技能和目标相匹配。当学生积极参与时,他们会专注于所教内容,更好地处理新信息。通过NIE的各种课程,我学会了如何更好地为课程做准备,以及设计能够发展学生关系理解的活动。本课程还讨论了各种合作学习策略,如思维对分享、圆桌会议和拼图,我可以在课堂上应用这些策略来促进主动学习。此外,为了确保小组活动顺利进行,我需要确保有一定的课堂规则和惯例,以保持课堂顺利运行。
My Evolution as a Teacher-in-Training  我作为一名教师在培训中的演变
Establishing Productive Learning Environment 建立富有成效的学习环境
One concept taught in this course that struck me most was the model for creating an inclusive learning environment which was adapted from Stice’s problem-solving model. This model helps me to understand and reaffirm some of the teaching practices which I have observed and learned during my teaching internship, relief teaching or contract teaching. The model aims to aid classroom learning environment that are not only academically inclusive but also socially.
这门课程中教给我印象最深的一个概念是创建包容性学习环境的模式,该模式借鉴了Stice的问题解决模式。该模式帮助我理解并重申我在教学实习、救济教学或合同教学期间观察和学习的一些教学实践。该模式旨在帮助课堂学习环境不仅在学术上具有包容性,而且在社会上也具有包容性。
Creating a conducive physical environment can influence the way teachers and students feel, think and behave (Weinstein, Romano, & Mignano, 2011).Thus, it is important for me to ensure that the physical furniture in my class are strategically arranged to suit the needs of the pupils. During my contract teaching, my teacher mentor created a reading corner at the back of her class with carpets and cushions for the pupils. I find this arrangement useful in managing the class. Once the pupils have completed the assigned work, they will proceed to the reading corner with a book and read silently. I felt that this has helped to inculcate in the pupils the love for reading. This also helps her manage the class and reduce unnecessary disruption when the pupils have completed their work. Occasionally on a rotationally basis, pupils are given 10 minutes break time where they are allowed to use the educational board games created. This encourages pupils’ self-directed learning as they explore different concepts in a fun and interactive manner. I have also learned that it is important to ensure that the notice boards are up-to-date with information and pupils work. Environment psychologists point out that the effects of the classroom environment can be both direct and indirect (Proshansky & Wolfe, 1974 as cited in Weinstein, Romano, & Mignano, 2011). For example, if pupils seated in straight rows are unable to carry on a class discussion because they can’t hear one another, the environment is directly hindering their participation. Students may also be affected indirectly if they infer from the seating arrangement that the teacher does not really want them to interact. Therefore, I need to be mindful on how my pupils are arranged in the class as it will send a message to them about how they are supposed to behave due to the link between classroom environment and student behaviour.
创造有利的物理环境可以影响教师和学生的感受、思考和行为方式。因此,对我来说,重要的是要确保课堂上的物理家具有策略地安排,以满足学生的需求。在我的合同教学期间,我的老师导师在教室后面为学生们开设了一个阅读角,里面铺着地毯和垫子。我觉得这种安排对管理班级很有用。一旦学生完成了指定的作业,他们就会拿着一本书来到阅读角,静静地阅读。我觉得这有助于向学生灌输对阅读的热爱。这也有助于她管理课堂,减少学生完成作业时不必要的干扰。偶尔,学生们会轮流获得10分钟的休息时间,允许他们使用创建的教育棋盘游戏。这鼓励学生以有趣和互动的方式探索不同的概念,从而实现自主学习。我还了解到,确保布告栏上的信息和学生的工作都是最新的,这一点很重要。环境心理学家指出,课堂环境的影响可以是直接的,也可以是间接的。例如,如果坐成一排的学生因为听不见对方的声音而无法进行课堂讨论,那么环境会直接阻碍他们的参与。如果学生从座位安排推断出老师并不真的希望他们互动,他们也可能会受到间接影响。因此,我需要注意我的学生在课堂上是如何安排的,因为课堂环境和学生行为之间存在联系,这会向他们传达一个关于他们应该如何表现的信息。
Through this course, I also learned that it is important to create a sense of belonging for the pupils by providing them opportunities to make decision on how they want the classroom to be such as giving them the responsibility to decorate the class or as simple as putting up pupils work.
通过这门课程,我还了解到,重要的是要为学生创造归属感,为他们提供机会,让他们决定他们希望教室是怎样的,比如让他们负责布置教室,或者简单地为学生布置工作。
Behaviour Management 行为管理
Another aspect which I find very useful is the various behaviour management models which teachers could employ. I understand there is no one size fit all solution to various issues a teacher might face in school and each model has its own pros and cons. It is therefore up to the teachers’ discretion to choose the model that best suit their teaching style and the class profile. Personally, the concept of taking ownership under inner discipline resonates with me. I believe that it is important for students to accept ownership of their problem. Students need to learn that they are capable of taking ownership of their problems regardless of age. As teacher, I must trust that they also are capable of taking full responsibility for the problems their behaviours can create, not because of fear but because it is the right thing to do.
我发现另一个非常有用的方面是教师可以采用的各种行为管理模式。我理解,对于教师在学校可能面临的各种问题,没有一种适合所有人的解决方案,每种模式都有自己的优缺点。因此,教师可自行决定选择最适合其教学风格和班级特点的模式。就我个人而言,在内部纪律下取得所有权的概念与我产生了共鸣。我认为学生们接受自己问题的所有权是很重要的。学生们需要知道,无论年龄大小,他们都有能力解决自己的问题。作为老师,我必须相信他们也有能力为自己的行为可能造成的问题承担全部责任,这不是因为恐惧,而是因为这是正确的做法。
Assertive Discipline is a direct and positive approach to make it possible for the teacher to teach and the students to learn. During my contract teaching, there were times when I felt I was unable to deliver the lesson properly due to poor class control and denied pupils the opportunity to learn. However, after seeking advice from the senior teachers, I made certain changes such as implementing the rewards and punishment system. As a result, I was able to deliver most of the lessons without much interruption. Students should be rewarded for good behaviour and punished fairly for bad behaviour. I think that having a short list of classroom rules posted in the class is beneficial. That way, from day one, they are aware of what is expected from them. However, it is necessary to exercise punishments with cautions to make sure students would not be more rebellious. I have also learned the various teaching style and I would prefer to adopt the democratic teaching style which the teacher provide firm guidance and leadership by establishing rules (Edwards, 2008). Pupils will then be taught how to establish an inner control that permits them to choose behavior compatible with their best interest.
主张性纪律是一种直接和积极的方法,使教师教学和学生学习成为可能。在我的合同教学期间,有时我觉得由于班级管理不善,无法正确授课,剥夺了学生学习的机会。然而,在征求了高级教师的意见后,我做了一些改变,比如实施奖惩制度。因此,我能够在没有太多干扰的情况下完成大部分课程。学生的良好行为应该得到奖励,不良行为应该受到公平的惩罚。我认为在课堂上张贴一份简短的课堂规则清单是有益的。这样一来,从第一天起,他们就知道自己的期望是什么。然而,有必要实施带有警告的惩罚,以确保学生不会更加叛逆。我还学习了各种教学风格,我更愿意采用民主教学风格,教师通过制定规则提供坚定的指导和领导。然后,学生们将被教导如何建立一种内部控制,允许他们选择符合他们最大利益的行为。
I realized that teaching was indeed a calling. One needed a passion to teach and to make a difference in people’s lives. One had to follow their heart and not their brain to appreciate the true difference made by being a teacher because being a teacher was hard work with many untold roles. One had to be unafraid to admit that mistakes have been committed and constantly reflect on lessons conducted so as to continually improve.
Bibliography 参考文献
Edwards, C. (2008). Classroom discipline and management (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Lim, L., Thaver, T., & Slee, R. (2008). Exploring Disability in Singapore. Singapore: McGraw-Hill Education (Asia).
Lorain, P. (2010). Teaching That Emphasizes Active Engagement. Retrieved May 1, 2014
Weinstein, C. S., Romano, M. E., & Mignano, J. A. (2011). Elementary Classroom Management – Lessons from research and practice. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Reflective Essay范文在文末提出作者意识到教书的确是一种使命。一个人需要一种激情去教书,去改变人们的生活。一个人必须跟随自己的内心,而不是他们的大脑去理解作为一名教师所带来的真正的不同,因为作为一名教师是一项艰巨的工作,有着无数的角色。人们必须勇敢地承认犯下了错误,并不断反思所吸取的教训,以便不断改进。

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